The Blame Game in Meeting Room ASR: An Analysis of Feature Versus Model Errors in Noisy and Mismatched Conditions

September 16, 2013
2:00pm-3:00pm
Location: EE Conference Room
Hosted by: Dan Ellis
Speaker: Dr. Steven Wegmann, ICSI, Berkeley

Abstract

Given a test waveform, state-of-the-art ASR systems extract a sequence
of MFCC features and decode them with a set of trained HMMs. When this
test data is clean, and it matches the condition used for training the
models, then there are few errors. While it is known that ASR systems
are brittle in noisy or mismatched conditions, there has been little
work in quantitatively attributing the errors to features or to
models. In this talk we will investigate the sources of these errors
in three conditions: (a) matched near-field, (b) matched far-field,
and a (c) mismatched condition. We undertake a series of diagnostic
analyses employing the bootstrap method to probe a meeting room ASR
system. Results show that when the conditions are matched (even if
they are far-field), the model errors dominate; however, in mismatched
conditions features are neither invariant nor separable and this
causes as many errors as the model does.

Joint work with Sree Hari Krishnan Parthasarathi, Shuo-Yiin Chang,
Jordan Cohen, and Nelson Morgan.

Speaker Bio

Steven Wegmann has worked at industrial research laboratories onproblems in speech processing since 1994, holding positions at Dragon
Systems, Lernout & Hauspie, VoiceSignal Technologies, Nuance
Communications, and Cisco Systems. He has been a staff researcher at
ICSI since 2010 and began leading the Speech Group in 2013.  His
current research interests are in the areas of automatic speech
recognition, diagnostic analysis, and low resource spoken term
detection.  Earlier in his career, he was a mathematician who
specialized in algebraic topology. He obtained his doctorate in
mathematics at the University of Warwick while he was a Marshall
Scholar.


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